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  • 711 Muslim armies from N. Africa invaded Iberian Penins. (controlled by Visigoths)
  • Visigoths retreated to NW corner of Spain and created kingdom of Asturias
  • rest of Spain controlled by Muslims by Umayyad Spain
  • Christian knights in N. fought w/ Muslims in S.
  • Saw it as a duty, or a Crusade because they thought of it as a war to regain territory that is rightfully theirs
  • invite French noblemen to fight with them but French see it as a religious war
  • 1492 Christian forces overrun last of Muslim kingdoms and Columbus begins journey
  • showed people that Europeans could beat Arabs
  • lasts almost 800 years!
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