Spread of Islam[edit | edit source]

  • Spreading began with the Umayyad Caliphate
  • Result of urbanization
    • Umayyad Caliphate set up garrisons to establish control of conquered territories.
    • Garrisons attracted non-muslims for economic and political reasons
  • The Arabic language spread so converts can become become better Muslims, wanted to read the Qu'ran and other Muslim texts
  • Arabic replaces Palestinian, Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Syrian, N African tongue, but not Persian or old Latin in Iberian Penninsula (which evolved in Portugese and Spanish)
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