• First Turkish dynasty to establish an empire in Middle East.
  • 1037-1307.
  • Seljuks control most of the Middle East even when there is an Ummayyad Caliph.
  • Defeat Byzantine army in eastern Anatolia at Battle of Manzikert.
  • This opens Anatolia for attack.
  • Weakens Byzantine empire caused most prosperous place in Byzantine Empire and where they get most of their Soldiers.
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